GENEVA, Jan 9 (Reuters) - Vietnam has asked the World Trade Organization to appoint a panel of arbitrators to rule on a dispute over alleged dumping of Vietnamese shrimp on the U.S. market.
The escalation of the case is awkward for Washington as it attempts to strike a regional free trade deal with Vietnam while under domestic pressure from American shrimp producers to clamp down on Vietnamese imports.
Dumping, or damaging foreign competitors by exporting goods at unfairly low prices, is illegal under WTO rules.
But several WTO rulings have found that, until early last year, the United States was using the wrong method of calculating dumping, forcing the U.S. government to withdraw many of the accusations it had made.
However, Vietnam says the U.S. Department of Commerce has not reversed duties imposed to punish Vietnamese shrimp exporters.
Vietnam won a WTO ruling against U.S. anti-dumping measures in 2011, but the arbitrators in that case banned only the duties specifically challenged in that complaint, leaving subsequent U.S. actions untouched.
That prompted Vietnam to launch a new complaint at the world trade body in February 2012. It held talks with U.S. officials in Geneva a month later to try to resolve the dispute.
In a filing circulated within the WTO this week, Vietnam said the talks had not solved the problem and it wanted a WTO ruling.
Vietnam and six other shrimp-producing nations were named in a petition sent by American shrimp producers to the U.S. Commerce Department two weeks ago. The petition alleged that those countries were receiving billions of dollars in unfair subsidies, threatening the survival of the U.S. industry.
The Commerce Department is expected to decide shortly whether to launch an investigation, which could lead to new punitive duties on foreign imports.